Program Intervention

Classroom Drama intervention

In a nine-week drama workshop intervention program, refugee and migrant adolescents in multi-ethnic schools work around the construction of group stories that support the construction of identity and meaning, aiming to establish bridges between past and present and to engage with themes of migration, exclusion, pluriform identities and cultural adaptation in host societies.

Classroom Drama intervention

Classroom Drama Therapy Program (responsible expert: KULeuven, Belgium; implementing partners: KULeuven, Belgium; University of Copenhagen, Denmark; University of Sussex, UK)

The Classroom Drama intervention works with a Manual and an Implementation protocol.

Watch our short video here explaining the Classroom Drama Therapy intervention

The intervention is based on Boal’s forum and Fox’ playback theater (Fox, 2000), and was developed at McGill Transcultural Psychiatry and Concordia University Creative Arts.

Playback theatre consists of a specific modality of improvisational practice aiming at personal and social transformation through sharing lived experiences within a ritual space. Revolving around a commitment to social justice, playback theatre provides possibilities to address migration-related themes (e.g., exile, exclusion, inequality), revolving around the actively re-shaping of social structures in theatre practice and enabling dynamic relational positions to emerge within a participant group.

The program consists of a nine-week sequence of 75-minute sessions, set up with the regular class group. Coordinated by a play director, a team trained actors and musicians (with experience in applied theatre in vulnerable communities) develop a theatrical representation of stories shared by participant-adolescents. In response to this replay, students participate in a joint reconstruction of the story, enabling the dynamic shifting of meanings and the empowering experience of modifying situations and moving from positions of passivity to agency and co-construction.

Throughout the 10-week program, student involvement and topic complexity gradually increase. Studies have indicated that participation in the drama workshop intervention program was associated with a decrease in psychosocial impairment in first-generation migrant and refugee adolescents (Rousseau et al., 2007, 2014).


You want to know more? Click here or have a look at the resources!



Classroom Drama Manual (EN). Plurality Theater team ÉRIT (2010). Plurality Theatre: Training Manual, Creative Expression Workshops. Montreal: Team for transcultural research and intervention.

Classroom Drama Implementation Protocol. Spaas, C., de Smet, S., Primdahl, N.L., Skovdal, M., Soye, E., Watters, C., & De Haene, L. (2021). RefugeesWellSchool implementation protocol: Classroom drama intervention. Leuven, Gent: KU Leuven, Ghent University.